Sunday, 15 March 2015

Find System And Hardware Information On Linux

INXI is a command line tool that can be used to find the complete system and hardware details such as.
  • Hardware,
  • CPU,
  • Drivers,
  • Xorg,
  • Desktop,
  • Kernel,
  • GCC version,
  • Processes,
  • RAM usage,
  • and other useful information.

Installation

Inxi is available in the default repositories of most modern GNU/Linux operating systems. So, we can simply install it by running the following commands.

On Debian based system:
 
#apt-get install inxi
 
On Fedora:

#yum install inxi

On RHEL based systems:
Install EPEL repository:

#yum install epel-release
 
Then, install inxi using command:

#yum install inxi

Usage

To find the quick view of the system information, run the following command from Terminal.
 
#inxi

Sample output:
 
CPU~Dual core Intel Core i3-2350M CPU (-HT-MCP-) clocked at Min:800.000Mhz Max:1200.000Mhz Kernel~3.13.0-45-generic x86_64 Up~6:41 Mem~1537.7/3861.3MB HDD~500.1GB(52.5% used) Procs~183 Client~Shell inxi~1.9.17
Ofcourse, we can retrieve a particular hardware details. For example to retrieve the Audio/Sound hardware details, run the following command:
 
#inxi -A

Sample output:
 
Audio:     Card: Intel 6 Series/C200 Series Family High Definition Audio Controller driver: snd_hda_intel 
           Sound: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture ver: k3.13.0-45-generic

You can retrieve the details of Graphic card information.
#inxi -G

Sample output:
 
Graphics:  Card: Intel 2nd Generation Core Processor Family Integrated Graphics Controller 
           X.Org: 1.15.1 drivers: intel (unloaded: fbdev,vesa) Resolution: 1366x768@60.0hz 
           GLX Renderer: Mesa DRI Intel Sandybridge Mobile GLX Version: 3.0 Mesa 10.3.0

What about harddisk information? That’s also possible. To view the full  
harddisk information, run the following command.
 
#inxi -D

Sample Output:
 
Drives:    HDD Total Size: 500.1GB (52.5% used) 1: id: /dev/sda model: ST9601325BD size: 500.1GB
To display the Bios and Motherboard details:
 
#inxi -M

Sample output:
 
Machine:   System: Dell (portable) product: Inspiron N5050
           Mobo: Dell model: 01HXXJ version: A05 Bios: Dell version: A05 date: 08/03/2012

Not only hardware details, it can also displays the list of available repositories in our system.
 
#inxi -r

Sample output:

Repos:     Active apt sources in file: /etc/apt/sources.list
           deb http://ubuntu.excellmedia.net/archive/ trusty main restricted
           deb-src http://ubuntu.excellmedia.net/archive/ trusty main restricted
           deb http://ubuntu.excellmedia.net/archive/ trusty-updates main restricted
           deb-src http://ubuntu.excellmedia.net/archive/ trusty-updates main restricted
           deb http://ubuntu.excellmedia.net/archive/ trusty universe
           .
           .
           Active apt sources in file: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/intellinuxgraphics.list
           deb https://download.01.org/gfx/ubuntu/14.04/main trusty main #Intel Graphics drivers
           Active apt sources in file: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/linrunner-tlp-trusty.list
           Active apt sources in file: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/wseverin-ppa-trusty.list
           deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/wseverin/ppa/ubuntu trusty main

Tired of finding each hardware details? Well, you can list all details at once using command:
 
#inxi -F

Sample output:
 
System:    Host: sk Kernel: 3.13.0-45-generic x86_64 (64 bit) Desktop: LXDE (Openbox 3.5.2) Distro: Ubuntu 14.04 trusty
Machine:   System: Dell (portable) product: Inspiron N5050
           Mobo: Dell model: 01HXXJ version: A05 Bios: Dell version: A05 date: 08/03/2012
CPU:       Dual core Intel Core i3-2350M CPU (-HT-MCP-) cache: 3072 KB flags: (lm nx sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 ssse3 vmx) 
           Clock Speeds: 1: 800.00 MHz 2: 1000.00 MHz 3: 800.00 MHz 4: 800.00 MHz
Graphics:  Card: Intel 2nd Generation Core Processor Family Integrated Graphics Controller 
           X.Org: 1.15.1 drivers: intel (unloaded: fbdev,vesa) Resolution: 1366x768@60.0hz 
           GLX Renderer: Mesa DRI Intel Sandybridge Mobile GLX Version: 3.0 Mesa 10.3.0
Audio:     Card: Intel 6 Series/C200 Series Family High Definition Audio Controller driver: snd_hda_intel 
           Sound: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture ver: k3.13.0-45-generic
Network:   Card-1: Qualcomm Atheros AR9285 Wireless Network Adapter (PCI-Express) driver: ath9k 
           IF: wlan0 state: up mac: 
           Card-2: Realtek RTL8101E/RTL8102E PCI Express Fast Ethernet controller driver: r8169 
           IF: eth0 state: down mac: 
Drives:    HDD Total Size: 500.1GB (52.5% used) 1: id: /dev/sda model: ST9500325AS size: 500.1GB 
Partition: ID: / size: 455G used: 245G (57%) fs: ext4 ID: /boot size: 236M used: 159M (72%) fs: ext2 
           ID: swap-1 size: 4.19GB used: 0.00GB (0%) fs: swap 
RAID:      No RAID devices detected - /proc/mdstat and md_mod kernel raid module present
Sensors:   System Temperatures: cpu: 64.5C mobo: N/A 
           Fan Speeds (in rpm): cpu: N/A 
Info:      Processes: 186 Uptime: 6:52 Memory: 1547.2/3861.3MB Client: Shell (bash) inxi: 1.9.17

As you see in the above, inxi displays the complete hardware details.
For more details, refer the man pages.
 
#man inxi

Enjoy...
 

 

 

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